The age of fossil fuels is slowly but surely coming to an end. Still, various challenges stand before the goal of going mainstream with renewable energy. Solar energy is quite promising — a clean, perennial source of heat and electricity that produces no residues and can last as long as the sun. But is it enough to power your computer, TV, and refrigerator all at once?
Throughout this piece, you’ll learn about how many Amps does a 200-Watt solar panel produce. It will also tell you about the possible devices you can run from it and what affects its energy generation capabilities.
Factors That Affect the Energy From a Solar Panel
A solar panel works very differently than your average thermal power plant. It uses the principle of the photoelectric effect to convert sunlight into electricity. Thus, there are several factors you need to consider before determining the energy output from a solar panel:
- Time of Day: Solar panels work best during the high noon, although they can still operate with about 40% efficiency during morning and evening.
- Weather Conditions: Solar panels produce more energy during long hot summer days compared to winters.
- Orientation: Solar panels produce the maximum energy when facing the sun directly. The power output reduces as the angle tilts sideways or gets blocked by shade.
- Pollution: Debris, ash, and smoke over the solar panels prevent the sunlight from reacting with the cells, thereby producing less power. It is why you should clean your solar panels every so often.
How Many Amps Does a 200-Watt Solar Panel Produce?
On average, you can expect a current within 10-12 Amperes. However, that output can change depending on the conditions mentioned above. During summers, when there are 6 hours of decent sunlight, you can expect a daily yield between 60 and 70 Ah.
On the other hand, the winter sun provides less energy. With 3 hours of peak sunlight, you can get an output in the range of 30-40 Ah. Since the current varies throughout the day, you should use an arrangement of a solar charger controller paired with the appropriate batteries and inverter. For a 200-Watt solar panel, batteries with 300 Ah capacity and a 400W inverter should do the job.
What Appliances Can You Run With a 200-Watt Solar Panel?
You can use a 200-Watt solar panel to run multiple small and medium power appliances with an adequate setup. It can power fans, LED lights, and laptop chargers simultaneously. If you have ample battery power, you can even run a coffee machine, an LED TV, or a microwave.
For those who want to experiment with renewable energy for daily use, 200-Watt solar panels provide the perfect starting point. They are small enough to mount on vehicles (like a campervan), easy to install, and don’t require expensive equipment to set up. With an average current supply of 10-12 A, they make for an excellent power backup.